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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13-17

Trends and patterns of drug abuse in select population of Punjab in year 2016-201

1 Demonstrator, SINPMS, BFUHS, Badal, Punjab, India
2 Associate Professor, University college of Nursing, BFUHS, Punjab, India
3 Professor and Head, Dept of Psychiatry, GGSMCH, Faridkot, Punjab, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-1505.262499

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Background: Psychoactive substance abuse in India continues to be a substantive problem for the individual as well as for the society. However, its consumption trends are liable to change from time to time which seems challenging to traditional treatment interventions. It has negative impact on physical and mental health, interpersonal relationship, financial status and occupation of substance users and their family.Aim: The aim of the study is to assess the recent trends of drug abuse by drug users in Punjab. Methods: Quantitative, descriptive research approach with cross-sectional survey design was used to assess the pattern of drug abuse in 200 conveniently selected drug users visiting tertiary care level hospital of Punjab by using socio-demographic sheet and pattern of substance use sheet. Results: Majority (54.5%) of drug users were using opioids. Mean age of initiation of all drug use was 20 years. More than half (62.5%) of subjects were indulged in drug use due to suggestion of friends. Heroin was reported most expensive drug by users. Majority (86.5%) of subjects were using drugs at agricultural fields, river banks, old buildings and lonely places etc. Maximum (42.5%) of subjects were admitted to de-addiction ward due to financial problems. Conclusion: Study concluded that pattern of drug use changed from natural to synthetic/medical substances. Appropriate interventional strategies need to be used to address with changed drug use pattern during the care of patients.

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