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Table of Contents
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-2

Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module (SIM) on knowledge regarding the ill effects of internet addiction among adolescents


1 M.Sc (N) Psychiatry Nursing, Vijay Marie College of Nursing Hyderabad, India
2 Associate Professor Mental Health Nursing, Vijay Marie College of Nursing Hyderabad, India
3 Assistant Professor Mental Health Nursing, Vijay Marie College of Nursing Hyderabad, India

Date of Web Publication9-Jul-2019

Correspondence Address:
Anumol
Assistant Professor Mental Health Nursing, Vijay Marie College of Nursing Hyderabad
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-1505.262412

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  Abstract 


With the increasing importance of internet and online usage by all different sectors of the society which is seen increasing dramatically, pathological use of internet in other words internet addiction is becoming more common in society. There is an urgent need to recognize and respond to the reality of internet addiction and the threat of its rapid expansion. The aim of the study was to assess and evaluate the effectiveness of the Self Instruction Module(SIM) on level of knowledge regarding internet addiction among adolescents a pre test post test pre experimental design was adopted and study was done at Army Public School Secundarabad among 70 students between the age group of 15-18years. The study findings revealed that the overall mean percentage in pre-test is 33% and in post-test is 61% in their knowledge scores as measured by improvement in mean percentage from pre test to post test (p <0.05).

Keywords: Internet addiction, internet addicts, self instructional module, adolescents


How to cite this article:
Joy J, Rappai M, Anumol. Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module (SIM) on knowledge regarding the ill effects of internet addiction among adolescents. Indian J Psy Nsg 2017;14:1-2

How to cite this URL:
Joy J, Rappai M, Anumol. Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module (SIM) on knowledge regarding the ill effects of internet addiction among adolescents. Indian J Psy Nsg [serial online] 2017 [cited 2023 Jun 1];14:1-2. Available from: https://www.ijpn.in/text.asp?2017/14/1/1/262412




  Introduction Top


We are living in a high technology world. Computers have become a necessity in our day-to-day life whether, at work place or at home. The usage of computer in both academic and work domains especially in the fields of Communication and Information Technology, Nursing and other medical professions is increasing. It has gone from a mode of daily usage to overuse and just like other hobbies, some of the users of internet start spending an extended amount of time on it, which can lead to addiction[1]. Recently conducted study from Chandigarh, India, it was found that about 59% of respondents would get upset, when the Internet was not available, 54% felt the need to use Internet every day, 45% lost track of time after starting to surf, and 43% stayed online longer than originally intended[2]. As the usage of Internet is not only essential but has become mandatory and demands increased usage of time, the students become unknowingly addicted, without realizing the adverse effects on their health[3]. Hence enhancing knowledge regarding Internet Addiction Disorder will help them to consciously reduce the effects.


  Materials and Methods Top


Research Approach used for the present study was quantitative Pre-experimental one group pre test post test research design. The study was conducted on a sample of 70 adolescents of 15 – 18 years studying in Class X and Class XII chosen by purposive sampling technique in Army Public School Secundrabad Telegana. A modified Dr. Kimberly Young’s Internet addiction and a structured questionnaire was used (Reliability r+0.91). The tool is divided into two categories: Tool 1: Modified Dr. Kimberly Young’s Internet Addiction scale, which is a scale to find out the internet addicts from the accessible population and Tool 2: Questionnaire consisting of two sections:- Section - A: Demographic Variables. It consists Age, Gender, Educational status, Religion, Educational status of parents, Previous knowledge of candidate on internet addiction, Income of the family (per month in rupees), Type of family, Amount of time spent with parents (per day), Mode of Internet usage, Source of Internet usage, Number of siblings. Section - B: Structured questionnaire to assess the knowledge of adolescents regarding ill effects of internet addiction. The interpretation of scores of tool no. 1 is scores above 50 are considered as internet addicts and the tool no. 2 is divided into 3 sections below average – 0 - 50%, average - 51 - 75% and above average – 76 - 100%.

A self instructional module was prepared on ill effects of internet addiction which includes; the meaning and significance of Internet Addiction, causes of Internet Addiction, types of Internet Addiction, signs and symptoms of Internet Addiction and common approaches for prevention of Internet Addiction. The SIM was given to subjects to check its effectiveness on their knowledge.


  Results Top


As given in [Table 1] pre and post-test knowledge scores among adolescents shows 81% of adolescents were in average level, 19% had below average knowledge whereas in post test 31% of adolescents have scored average and remaining 69% have scored above average and none had scored below average. Therefore, there is a significant and considerable improvement in post-test knowledge scores compared to pre-test. Thus the self instructional module was effective in increasing their knowledge of ill effects of internet addiction.
Table 1: Distribution of adolescents according to knowledge scores in pre and post-test n=70

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[Table 2] shows that there is statistically significant improvement at p<0.05 in the knowledge score from pre test (33%) to post test (61%), it indicates that SIM is effective in improving the knowledge on ill effect of internet addiction.
Table 2: Effectiveness of self-instructional module on ill effects of internet addiction (n=70)

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Computation of association between pre test knowledge score of adolescents with their demographic variables has shown that there is association between knowledge and demographic variables.


  Discussion Top


A similar study by Du Ys Jiang highlighted that cognitive behavior therapy had better outcome to evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of group Cognitive Behavior therapy (CBT) for Internet Addiction in 56 adolescents, who met Beard’s diagnostic criteria for internet addiction. Researchers concluded that multimodal school based group CBT is effective for adolescents with internet addiction, particularly in improving emotional state and regulation ability, behavioral and self management style also can be changed by this[4] The present study revealed that the self instructional module was effective in improving the knowledge scores of ill effects of Internet Addiction of study subjects. The overall mean percentage of knowledge scores in pre-test is 33% and it rose up to 61% in post-test scores of adolescents which was significant at p<0.05.


  Conclusion Top


In today’s world Internet is not only essential but has become mandatory and demands increased usage of time, but the students become more unknowingly addicted to it, without realizing the adverse effects on their health. Hence enhancing knowledge regarding Internet Addiction Disorder will help them to consciously reduce the effects.



 
  References Top

1.
Joanna Saisan, Melinda Smith, Lawrence Robinson, Jeanne Segal, Internet addiction disorder- signs, symptoms, treatment and self help. Help guide.org. October 2011. Available from: URL; http//www.helpguide.org/mental/internet.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Ottawan sun article on Internet addiction. The Global mail. 2009 April10 [Cited 2016 June 10]. Available from: http//www.newspaperrerpt.ottawansun.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Reeja Maria, effectiveness of planned teaching programme on Internet Addiction Disorder. Available from: URL; http//www/rguhs.ac.in/cdc/online/uploads/05-N 115- 30561.doc.html.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Du YS, Jiang W, Vance A. Longer term effect of randomized, controlled group cognitive behavioural therapy for internet addiction in adolescent students in Shanghai. The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatric. 2010; 44(2): 129-134.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Sawminath G. Internet Addiction fact or fad; Indian Journal of psychiatry.2008; 50(3): 158-60. Available from: http//www.indianjornalofpsy.html.  Back to cited text no. 5
    



 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2]



 

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Abstract
Introduction
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Discussion
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