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CONCEPT ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 46-52

Psychoeducation for mental illness: A systematic review


1 Nurse, Dept of Nursing, NIMHANS, Bangalore, India
2 Incharge Nurse, Dept of NIMHANS, Bangalore, India
3 Additional Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry, NIMHANS, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
B M Suresh
Additional Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry, NIMHANS, Bangalore
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-1505.262279

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Psychoeducation is a specific form of education. It is aimed at helping persons with a mental illness or anyone with an interest in mental illness, to access the facts about a broad range of mental illnesses in a clear and concise manner.[1] Teaching patients and families with a view to improving treatment compliance is a major goal in psychiatric nursing [2] and client adherence to treatment regimen increases when health education is an integral part of the client’s care [3]. The aim of this review was to determine whether the importance and advantages of psychoeducation is and whether it is supported by evidence of effectiveness from rigorous clinical trial researches. Database literature searches were performed in a pre-defined manner. Thirteen RCTs were located, that investigated about psychoeducation and mental disorders. The evidence are supportive of benefits of psychoeducation in combination with usual treatment except only in very few trials suffering from significant methodological flaws. There is evidence to suggest that benefit of psychoeducation is significant for patient suffering from major mental disorder such as schizophrenia and mood disorder and short term psychoeducation is beneficial in personality disorder.


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